Water resources ‘a reason for cooperation, not conflict,’ Ban tells Security Council
November 22, 2016 - Essential Water
22 Nov 2016 Noting that 3 buliding of UN Member States share rivers or lake basins with their neighbours, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon currently highlighted a value of H2O resources as a reason for cooperation, not conflict.
“The need for coordination in H2O government is generally constrained for a some-more than 260 general rivers and during slightest that many transboundary aquifers,” Mr. Ban told a Security Council debate, that was open to non-Council members.
According to a concept note released by Senegal, a Council’s President for November, in a same approach that disputes over oil and land have led to conflicts now and in a past, disputes over H2O could lead to confrontations in a future, if zero is done. The discuss is an event to showcase successful practice and mechanisms for team-work and intervention with a perspective to strengthening one of a UN’s weaknesses – dispute prevention.
“Access to H2O can intensify community tensions,” a UN arch said, citing antagonistic foe for wanting H2O resources in Darfur and Afghanistan as good as protests and assault opposite extractive companies by internal communities in Peru.
On a other hand, common H2O has historically – and infrequently rather improbably – brought adversaries together, and served as a essential confidence-building magnitude in both inter-state and intrastate conflicts, Mr. Ban stressed, observant that in a second half of a 20th century, some-more than 200 H2O treaties were successfully negotiated.
A dam in Um Baru, North Darfur, which, during a stormy season, increases H2O storage, supports visit irrigation of farming lands and reduces a risks of floods. Photo: UNAMID/Hamid Abdulsalam
In addition, he said, general stream agreements have extended confidence and fortitude in stream basins, such as a 1960 Indus Waters agreement between India and Pakistan, that has famously survived during slightest dual wars and countless clashes and tactful crises.
In a Nile Basin, final year’s signing of a Declaration of Principles by a Governments of Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan, followed some-more recently by several grave and spontaneous dialogues, has been a critical confidence-building measure.
And in a Senegal River Basin, riparian States including Mali, Mauritania and Senegal have had a prolonged story of benefit-sharing, providing a cornerstone for informal fortitude and peace.
With during slightest one in 4 tellurian beings expected to live in a nation influenced by ongoing or repeated shortages of uninformed H2O by 2050, a UN has actively promoted a intensity of H2O for cooperation, a Secretary-General said.
The work of a UN Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia (UNRCCA) on “hydro-diplomacy” is one important example. The UN Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) Water Convention is now open for advent to all UN Member States, charity a event to emanate a tellurian horizon for traffic with transboundary H2O issues. The Department of Political Affairs and a UN Environment Programme (UNEP) have published a useful beam containing best practices in this area.
The Laghman River, one of Afghanistan’s many waterways, is essential to cultivation and other growth in this mostly farming eastern province. Photo: UNAMA/Fardin Waezi
Mr. Ban also stressed a executive purpose of women in internal H2O management, a negatively compounding impact of meridian change on these hurdles as good as a holding of H2O resources as troops strategies.
“Despite these critical challenges, we contingency also commend a intensity for team-work around common H2O resources,” he said. “And let us dedicate to deposit in H2O confidence as a means to safeguard long-term general assent and security.”
Today’s discuss was also addressed by Danilo Turk, Chair of a Global High-Level Panel on Water and Peace; Christine Beerli, Vice-President of a International Committee on Red Cross; and Sundeep Waslekar, Strategic Foresight Group President.