Scrubber Wash Water Monitoring Essential to Compliance
April 4, 2018 - Essential Water
The imminent 0.5 percent sulfur top on sea fuel is putting vigour on shipowners and operators to confirm that trail they will take in complying with MARPOL’s Annex VI regulations that will turn effective in 2020. Shipowners contingency consider a merits of a 3 categorical ordinarily supposed correspondence options – switching from difficult fuel oil (HFO) to distillates, adopting LNG as a sea fuel or installing empty gas glimmer cleaners (scrubbers).
There are advantages and disadvantages to each, with a size, age and value of a vessel impacting on suitability. Many in a attention lift questions over LNG and a compulsory investment in infrastructure, with uptake so distant essentially among newbuild vessels. LNG designation also requires estimable upfront collateral investment that is doubtful to be an emanate for vital operators, yet competence offer advantages for smaller carriers.
Distillate or distillate-based low sulfur fuel is approaching to be a many widespread option, nonetheless a destiny cost and accessibility of these choice fuels is unknown. In Jan this year liniment manufacturer Total Lubmarine cautioned that while revoke sulfur fuel is some-more environmentally accessible and is also reduction disposed to beget erosive by-products, achieving a unchanging peculiarity of blended fuels will be a plea for tellurian bunkering ports.
Installing scrubbers allows shipowners and charterers to continue to bake revoke cost HFO and so they are an appealing correspondence option. Installation costs operation from $2m – $6m per section so poignant collateral output is required. However, a far-reaching widespread between a cost of HFO and a some-more costly sea gas oil (MGO) means that a cost of installing scrubbers could be recouped in usually a few years.
According to Clarksons Research, a series of vessels reported to be propitious with scrubbers has risen to 240 as of Dec 1, 2017, and with scrubber manufacturer Wartsila stating 24 orders for scrubbers in a final entertain and 77 for a year as a whole, it is transparent that there is an ardour for emissions decrease record as a correspondence option. The view among many in a attention is that scrubbing will play a poignant purpose in assembly post-2020 emissions regulations standards, and around a third of a blurb shipping zone will have commissioned a scrubber complement and will continue to bake sulfur fuel oil by 2030, according to a new news by naval design and engineering consultants, Foreship. Early in 2018 Irish Continental Group announced that it had systematic a world’s largest journey packet by car capacity, and it will embody scrubbers.
A serve boost for scrubbers came with a IMO similar breeze amendments to MARPOL Annex VI that would demarcate a carriage of fuel oil “used or carried for use on house ships” solely for ships propitious with an authorized “equivalent arrangement” to accommodate a sulfur limit.
Amidst all this discuss and conjecture, it is essential for shipowners that they take a best choice for their vessels and operations to safeguard correspondence with a regulations. For those deliberation creation a investment in scrubbers, they will need to entirely know both a regulatory and operational implications, and will actively find soundness that creation a investment to implement a complement will outcome in correspondence with all germane regulations. For scrubber manufacturers, a responsibility is on them to yield arguable explanation that their systems are fit for purpose and will not emanate serve regulatory complications for their customers. It is usually yet accurate monitoring that both of these criteria can be met.
Wet scrubbers use rinse H2O to “clean” emissions before they are expelled into a atmosphere. It is this H2O that contingency be accurately monitored during all times to equivocate discharges that might surpass regulations and repairs a environment.
Chelsea Technologies Group (CTG) has approach believe of correspondence contrast and has an in-depth operative believe of a high standards demanded by regulators. CTG’s Sea Sentry scrubber rinse H2O monitoring complement has a capability to accurately magnitude a compulsory parameters of H2O in sealed loop scrubbers, providing accurate information that proves correspondence with rinse H2O regulations.
CTG’s Sea Sentry provides a entirely unconstrained rinse H2O monitoring complement that monitors both a H2O estuary and opening of soppy empty gas scrubber systems. The complement analyses rinse H2O to safeguard that it is agreeable with environmental regulations that revoke potentially high levels of decay in empty gas scrubber rinse H2O discharge.
Closed loop scrubber systems benefaction a singular plea when monitoring H2O as a recirculation routine darkens a water, creation it formidable to obtain an accurate PAH measurement. It is by bettering a monitoring routine to not usually magnitude a turbidity and absorbance levels, yet to request these values as a improvement to a PAH measurements, that accurate readings can be taken. If a readings are not accurate, owners are risking poignant fines or detention.
It is essential that crews have a consummate bargain of a regulations, monitoring procedures and a research and interpretation of a data. CTG works closely with shipowners, heading tellurian scrubber manufacturers, and a Exhaust Gas Cleaning System Association, to yield engineers with a believe and imagination they need to work with a top turn of certainty in their complement and in proof correspondence underneath a IMO criteria. Sea Sentry is approved by DNV-GL and ClassNK, and measures a PAH, absorbance, turbidity (to ISO 7027: 1999), heat and pH of scrubber washwater.
The track to 2020 correspondence is difficult and there is no “one distance fits all” option. Shipowners and operators contingency import adult a costs and advantages compared with any choice nonetheless there is augmenting view that scrubbers will have an critical purpose to play. But with augmenting environmental regulation, accurate monitoring will be essential to yield operators with certainty in their investment, as good as in a trustworthiness and correctness of their systems to sojourn agreeable and suffer continued entrance to markets.
Dr. Brian Phillips is Managing Director of Chelsea Technologies Group.
The opinions voiced herein are a author’s and not indispensably those of The Maritime Executive.